Projek Padi

Perkongsian Revitalisasi Padi di Tenghilan

HUTAN, AIR & TANAH | KEHIDUPAN, PELANCONGAN & KEUSAHAWANAN | MAKANAN, PERTANIAN & PERIKANAN

Bagaimana semuanya bermula?

 

Ketika COVID-19 tiba di Sabah pada bulan Mac 2020, dan semua orang disarankan untuk menyimpan barang untuk dikunci, orang-orang dari komuniti Tinuhan dan Lapasan Ulu di Kabupaten Tuaran terkejut mendengar di pasar raya tempatan mereka bahawa terdapat had 10kg beras / keluarga. Artikel surat khabar mengingatkan kita bahawa Sabah sekarang hanya menghasilkan 25% berasnya, dan Vietnam, salah satu pembekal utama kami, mengumumkan bahawa menghentikan eksport. Bagaimanapun, di mana orang kampung akan mendapat wang untuk membeli beras di bawah lokap?

 

Tuaran pernah menjadi pengeluar padi utama: masyarakat tertanya-tanya, mengapa tidak menanam padi kita sendiri untuk memberi makan kepada diri kita sendiri?

 

Dengan pertanyaan awal dan sekumpulan orang Sabah yang bersemangat, Projek Padi bermula pada bulan Jun 2020 yang ditempatkan oleh Forever Sabah dan dengan pemberian khas dari Yayasan Hasanah.

 

Map showing Malaysia (marked with red) and Telupid, Sabah where the project occurs.

Projek Padi  

Walaupun pada awalnya masyarakat ragu-ragu untuk terlibat dengan NGO, pasukan Projek Padi dapat berhubung dengan 43 bekas petani padi di Kampung Tinhuan dan Kampung Lapasan Ulu, jumlah terbesar yang kami mampu, dan membantu mereka untuk menghidupkan semula mereka yang ditinggalkan sawah, pagar melawan kerbau, dan tanaman padi. Jabatan Saliran & Pengairan dengan cepat melangkah untuk memulihkan saluran terusan dan saliran dan benih dari 32 jenis tradisional diperoleh dari petani di Kota Belud, Tuaran dan Kudat.

 

Projek ini mencapai 4 tujuan utama:

 

  • Pertama, untuk menyokong pengeluaran padi untuk meningkatkan pendapatan masyarakat dan kedaulatan makanan sambil membantu meningkatkan tahap kemandirian Sabah (SSL) untuk beras, dengan membantu petani mencari penyelesaian yang efektif dari segi kos kerja keras dan risiko memulihkan ladang dan menanam padi.

 

  • Kedua, untuk membantu para petani beralih ke kaedah yang lebih lestari dengan berkongsi kaedah baru menanam padi, terutamanya menggunakan metodologi Sistem Intensifikasi Padi (SRI), membuat baja organik, kompos dan sebagainya, untuk mengurangkan pelepasan dan penggunaan gas rumah hijau bahan kimia pertanian.

 

  • Ketiga, untuk memajukan pemahaman mengenai penghasilan padi yang mampan , dengan menggunakan pengetahuan warganegara dan pengetahuan tempatan untuk menilai kejayaan dan cabaran petani padi kita dengan bantuan pakar padi dan lain-lain.

 

  • Terakhir, tujuan keempat kami adalah bercerita , menceritakan dan menyebarkan kisah yang sedang anda baca sekarang. Penting bahawa pekerjaan yang telah kita lakukan tidak disedari kerana bagaimana anda menghidupkan sesuatu yang tidak anda ketahui? Jadi, jika anda berjaya sejauh ini dengan cerita, terima kasih.

 

Untuk memajukan kelestarian, pasukan ini telah bekerjasama dengan Fakulti Pertanian Lestari UMS, Ladang Alam Kivatu dan pelajar vokasional dari GKC (Sekolah Pembangunan Pengalaman dan Keusahawanan).

Current Understanding of the Issues and Theory of Change.PNG

Kejayaan Projek

Di bawah projek ini, 43 isi rumah petani berjaya menanam 28 tan dari 34 jenis padi pusaka yang luar biasa. Ini bererti pulangan 230% atas pelaburan petani, hibah dan awam, dan pendapatan isi rumah purata RM 8,485. Petani yang menggunakan pengeluaran organik bernilai 40% lebih tinggi, bernilai lebih dari RM 3,000 lebih satu ekar, kerana hasilnya lebih tinggi, harga lebih tinggi, wang dijimatkan bahan kimia, dan dengan SRI lebih sedikit biji yang diperlukan.

 

Para petani dari komuniti ini telah menunjukkan bahawa mereka dapat memberikan sumbangan yang bermakna untuk meningkatkan Tahap Kecukupan Beras Sabah (SSL) dari tahap yang tersekat sekarang iaitu hanya 25%, sambil memperbaiki kehidupan mereka. Rata-rata petani yang mengambil bahagian menghasilkan cukup padi untuk memenuhi keperluan tahunan mereka dan tambahan 40%; Di Kg. Tinuhan 72% petani yang mengambil bahagian melebihi tahap 100% SSL iaitu 80kgs / padi / isi rumah / tahun.

 

Untuk perincian hasil projek dan penemuan bagaimana memajukan kelestarian padi menurut sains masyarakat masyarakat, lihat persembahan ini yang dibuat oleh pasukan kepada petani pada 1 April 2021.

Untuk lebih memahami kadar pulangan pelaburan dalam memulihkan pengeluaran padi di Sabah di bawah projek ini, kami mengukur berapa kos dan hasilnya di Kg. Tinuhan untuk menghasilkan grafik ini:

Setelah menanam dan menuai padi yang cukup untuk memenuhi keperluan mereka sendiri, para petani telah menjual lebihan beras mereka (2,175kg selusin varietas bernilai RM 36,361) sebagai 'Wagas Dati', yang bermaksud beras kami dalam bahasa Dusun.

HEH-CERT ToC.PNG
Map showing Malaysia (marked with red) and Telupid, Sabah where the project occurs..jpg

Areas of Work

Area 1: Build Local Capacity

The HEH team plans to continue to build the capacity, confidence, networks, technical skills and institutional independence of the Telupid Community Elephant Ranger Team (Kopisuladan di Aki, as they refer to themselves in Dusun) through facilitating training, learning activities, reflection and administrative and organizational accompaniment.  CERT plans both further training of the existing team, and to train more volunteer community rangers. Training sessions will be conducted once every month with skills ranging from monitoring elephants in the field, maintenance of the electric fence, using GPS applications such as Garmin GPS, ViewRanger and GPS Camera to collect data, to community organizing.  Forever Sabah management and administrative staff will meanwhile facilitate learning about administration and management, including through exchange visits, while opportunities for self-representation at local and international events will support networking and confidence. The CERT team acknowledge limited ability to read, write and converse in English, however are keen to learn the language to expand their knowledge with more reference materials as well as thier circle of communication.

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Area Two: Listening to the Elephants (Citizen Science)

CERT intends to further build our capacity in conducting research study in Telupid, wanting to further understand the human-elephant relationship, and they want this to be a continuous effort. Instead of just assisting scientists, they want to be able to work together with them in sharing knowledge. In Telupid, the team would like to contribute to the local authorities making more informed decisions in district land use plans. Wildlife and elephant corridors linking the forest patches can only be identified by doing proper study of actual elephant movements. Establishment of secure corridors may help reduce elephant visits to villages and sites of infrastructure. 

CERT wants to study more of the ecology of the elephants, wanting to better learn the behaviour of each individual and their group composition. They want to know subtle behaviours such as the difference when the elephant is really attacking and a mock charge. Elephant dung could tell more about what they eat and the relative age of an individual. Identifying each sub-group can help CERT identify which groups go to the villages or oil palm estate more often. Again, they will do this together with other organizations specializing on elephants.

Area Three: Changing Attitudes (and Livelihoods)

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As a continuation of the HEH project and CERT, the team will continue to undertake outreach awareness-raising programmes in the schools in Telupid, pre-school, primary school and secondary school; wanting the communities and all people to know that animals have their importance to continue to exist in the wild. They also want to help distribute those prepared by Sabah Wildlife Department especially the ones highlighting on the protected wildlife, why are they protected and the laws protecting them. This is to inform as many people as possible that some wildlife species are really threatened and we don’t want extinction as happened to the Sumatran Rhinoceros, the last one which, died on 22 November 2019. On top of education, the economics of smallholder compensation as well as eco-tourism possibilities are being looked into. Their work will involve:

  • (i) HEH & CERT preparing talks and materials and sharing them with schools, communities, oil palm estates and other stakeholders in the area;

  • (ii) field assessment of elephant crop damage and liaising with specialists on how to address this; and

  • (iii) work with partners on assessing potential tourism products while building local capacity to attract visitors and use community-based ecotourism cooperatives to improve livelihoods while encouraging conservation.

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Area Four: Manage Human - Elephant Interactions

CERT has begun to systematically change how people react to elephants in these villages by restoring values of respect and encouraging people to behave more predictably and less aggressively. When people are more predictable elephants are too. But that work will need to continue as people rebuild cultural relationships with elephants and have more positive encounters, they are also less likely to demand punitive action against elephants through political channels. Cultural change is a slow process and this requires continued efforts for more years.

 

Managing human-elephant interactions also means supporting the government, private plantations and communities to do better planning about where to locate infrastructure, including the Pan Borneo Highway, electric fences and other land uses. On the enforcement side, the CERT will conduct regular patrols along the forest-plantations-villages boundary to reduce poaching as well as removing snare traps.

Area Five: Adequate Elephant Foods in a Forest-Grassland-Oil Palm Landscape Mosaics

To advance this objective, CERT will partner with conservation biologists to assess elephants’ current feeding patterns and the potential to improve food sources in forest, oil palm and deforested (grassy) areas. This will be followed up with partnerships to grow and plant seedlings and otherwise improve elephant food supplies to reduce conflict and unpredictability of human-elephant encounters.

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Area Six: Enhance Public Understanding & State Policy Environment

In order to shift public understanding about elephants in Sabah, the CERT members aims to produce regular video shorts, a longer film and newspaper/social media coverage of elephant issues in Telupid. The team aims to document individual and group behaviour, the injuries that they are suffering from because of snares, and the full range of human-elephant interaction. Most importantly, they to produce a film that chronicles their journey, from mostly fear and anger to compassion and harmony. Such publications are aimed to convey strong messages to the viewers to raise their awareness about protecting the elephants and prove that it is possible for humans and elephants to co-exist in Telupid. The HEH project will also convene regular meetings with stakeholders to provide discourse on indigenous ownership and vision in conservation and build a new constituency and paradigm of locally-driven action that can build political will and funding for a more diverse and resilient conservation constituency in Sabah.

Padi Projek di media

 

"Kerbau menjadi 'terlalu pintar' untuk kebaikan mereka sendiri"

"Kisah belia di sawah"

Publications

"Kisah belia di sawah"

"Kisah belia di sawah"